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A general view shows the first meeting of national security secretaries of Afghanistan, China, Iran, India and Russia, in the Iranian capital Tehran on September 26, 2018
7 Feb 2019 14:19

Fatemeh Aman

Can Iran Help Reach a Lasting Peace in Afghanistan?

Progress has been reported in peace talks between US envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and the Taliban, but without the participation of the Afghan government, it seems premature to assume that an agreement will be reached soon. Could Iran play a constructive role in achieving an end to America’s longest ...

 
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are followed by Russian President Vladimir Putin (L) and French President Emmanuel Macron outside the Vahdettin Mansion during a summit on Syria in Istanbul, Turkey, Oct. 27, 2018.
15 Nov 2018 20:59

Hamidreza Azizi

Why Iran Did Not Attend the Europe-Russia-Turkey Summit on Syria

The leaders of Turkey, Russia, France and Germany met Oct. 27 in Istanbul for a summit to discuss the ongoing developments regarding the Syrian crisis. In a final statement issued after the summit, the four sides emphasized Syria’s sovereignty and territorial integrity as well as the necessity ...

 
Afghan women walk away from the site of an ongoing attack on the Iraqi embassy in Kabul on July 31, 2017
2 Sep 2018 19:57

Mona Hossaini

Women's Critical Role in Afghan Peace Process

The contemporary history of the South Asian region nearly always had a substantial component of conflict. Some examples include the India-Pakistan conflict over Kashmir that has been ongoing since 1947; the 1971 Bangladesh liberation war; civil war and rise of insurgency and conflict in Nepal; and ...

 
Syrian government supporters wave Syrian, Iranian and Russian flags as they chant slogans against US President Trump during demonstrations following a wave of US, British and French military strikes to punish President Bashar Assad for suspected chemical attack against civilians, in Damascus, Syria, April 14, 2018. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
15 Aug 2018 22:06

Hamidreza Azizi

Iran Readjusts Its Syria Strategy amid Russia’s Changing Role

As the Syrian government is now in full control of most parts of the war-torn country, the role of Iran, as a main ally of President Bashar al-Assad, appears to be undergoing significant change.   On Aug. 1, the Russian president’s special envoy to Syria, Alexander Lavrentiev, said Iranian ...

 
Russian President Vladimir Putin (2nd R) speaks with Ali Akbar Velayati (2nd L), foreign policy advisor to Iran supreme leader, during a meeting at the Novo-Ogarevo residence, outside Moscow, on July 12, 2018.
27 Jul 2018 11:13

Hamidreza Azizi

Iran’s Maneuvers to Protect Its Interests in Syria

The Finnish capital, Helsinki, turned into the main center for international diplomacy July 16 by hosting a long-awaited summit between US President Donald Trump and his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin. Meanwhile, as Iran and Syria topped the agenda of the two presidents’ discussions at ...

 
An Iranian flag flutters on a truck carrying humanitarian aid in Deir ez-Zor, Syria, Sept. 20, 2017. REUTERS/Omar Sanadiki
13 Jul 2018 14:15

Hamidreza Azizi

Why Putin Won’t Throw Iran under the Bus in Syria?

The Finnish capital of Helsinki will host a summit July 16 between US President Donald Trump and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin. Amid preparations for the meeting, speculation has been raised about the topics that may be discussed by the two presidents. Although the formal agenda has yet to ...

 
The foreign ministers of China, Afghanistan and Pakistan meet the press at the Diaoyutai state guesthouse in Beijing on Dec. 26 following talks earlier in the day, the first of their kind.
1 Jul 2018 23:21

Amanollah Shafaei

Afghanistan and Pakistan Are Experiencing a Thaw in Relations?

Since the birth of Pakistan in 1948 up to the present time, relations between this country and Afghanistan have gone through many ups and downs. Without a doubt, the issue of the Durand Line, which has broken Pashtunistan into two halves, is at the core of political relations between these two countries....

 
Russian President Vladimir Putin (R) meets with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit in Qingdao, China, June 9, 2018. 
Alexander Zemlianichenko/Pool via REUTERS
16 Jun 2018 08:54

Hamidreza Azizi

How Russia-Israel Engagement Is Benefiting Iran

On June 9, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani met with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization’s annual summit in the Chinese city of Qingdao. Among the issues discussed in the meeting, the two sides touched upon their regional cooperation, especially ...

 
What Are Ankara’s Options after Taking over Afrin?
1 Apr 2018 15:44

Hamidreza Azizi

What Are Ankara’s Options after Taking over Afrin?

Since the very beginning of its new military adventure in Syria, the Turkish government had declared that its main goal is to secure the areas close to its borders in north-western parts of Aleppo province and to prevent the Kurdish groups – which are deemed by Turkey as terrorists – to ...

 
Afghan security force personnel take part in an ongoing operation against an Islamic State (IS) militant stronghold in Achin district of Nangarhar, eastern Afghanistan on April 14, 2017
27 Mar 2018 10:06

Zahra Tavakkoli

Afghanistan, A Possible New Base for Daesh

After the end of Daesh’s organized presence in Iraq and Syria was announced on November 20, 2017, the group was expected to choose Afghanistan as its new official base in order to continue its terrorist and inhumane activities. Therefore, if this happens, the issue of insecurity and instability ...

 
Peace in Afghanistan Needs Afghans
10 Mar 2018 08:05

Syed Zafar Mehdi

Peace in Afghanistan Needs Afghans' Engagement

  It’s the first time since 2015 that ‘peace talks’ are in news. In July 2015, Afghan officials and Taliban representatives held peace parleys in the Pakistani mountainous resort Murree, which unfortunately failed to make headway because of change of leadership in the Afghan ...

 
Members of Free Syrian Army (FSA) attack to hit PYD/PKK positions after the Turkish Armed Forces and FSA liberated the village of Diwan Al Fawqani, located at southwest of Afrin
18 Feb 2018 22:06

Qasem Mohebali

How Turkey Was Deceived in Syria’s Afrin?

About weeks after Turkey started its military operation in Syria’s Afrin region, it seems that Ankara has so far failed to achieve its goals through this operation. During recent days, Turkey’s military advances in northern Syria have remarkably slowed down and its forces have suffered ...

 
A Turkish soldier is seen in an armored personnel carrier at a checkpoint near the Turkish-Syrian border in Kilis province, Turkey, Jan. 29, 2018.  © REUTERS/Murad Sezer
10 Feb 2018 01:09

Hamidreza Azizi

How Iran Sees Turkey’s Military Operation in Northern Syria

The Turkish military operation in Afrin against Kurdish fighters has sparked different reactions among various parties involved in Syria, based on how each actor interprets the goals and implications of Ankara’s unilateral move. While the United States has appeared to be against the operation,...

 
People hold a Turkish flag in front of a damaged house after PKK/PYD organizations fired 7 rockets since January 31 from Syria
3 Feb 2018 00:49

Maryam Salari

Turkey’s Tactical Move in Attacking Afrin

Turkey has always played an important and effective role in control or relative containment of the crisis in Syria. One of the most important goals pursued by Turkey in Syria is to keep in check the increasing role of the Syrian Kurds in areas close to the country’s border due to Ankara’...

 
Russian President Vladimir Putin speeches during the Tavrida International Youth Forum in Steregushcheye at Bakalskaya spit, Crimea, August 20, 2017
30 Jan 2018 06:29

Hossein Ahmadi

Russia's Threats and Europe's Limits

Mutual security and military actions taken by Europe and Russia, especially following developments in Ukraine, have been among important issues for analysts of Europe’s issues.  During recent years, the European Union and its member states have been facing three remarkable threats: the ...

 
People walking along Nevsky Prospekt Street, St Petersburg, Russia
24 Jan 2018 07:38

Who Benefits from EU-Russia Tensions?

Despite speculations suggesting rising tensions in relations between Russia and Europe, experts believe that a military conflict between the two sides is not probable, as their interests are only guaranteed through continuing cooperation.   The recent war rhetoric traded between Moscow and ...

 
Russia
16 Jan 2018 22:02

Alireza Nouri

The Pattern of Active Balance and Deterrence in Iran-Russia Relations in Syria

One of the major deficiencies in Iran-Russia relations during the post-Soviet period is its instability and the fact that it is influenced by third variables, especially the “West”. Therefore, a question has always been raised whether a stable basis can be defined for these relations? ...

 
Factors behind Escalation of the Crisis in Afghanistan
29 Dec 2017 17:36

Mohammad Taqi Jahanbakhsh

Factors behind Escalation of the Crisis in Afghanistan

During recent months, Afghanistan has been entangled in conflicts, which have had remarkable effects in various fields. Their domestic effects include weakening of the national unity government, further widening of ethnic gaps, intensification of political competitions, prevention or weakening of ...

 
A New Chapter in Iran-Tajikistan Relations
15 Dec 2017 22:13

Mohsen Pakaeen

A New Chapter in Iran-Tajikistan Relations

The recent visit of Mr. Javad Zarif, the Foreign Minister of Iran, to Tajikistan indicates that Iran is determined to strengthen its relations with far and near neighbors and create mutual trust among the old friends in the region. Emphasizing the common historical and cultural background, Iran'...

 
Israeli’s Objectives in Central Asia and Caucasus
11 Dec 2017 08:17

Mohsen Pakaeen

Israeli’s Objectives in Central Asia and Caucasus

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Zionist regime has been trying to increase its presence in Central Asia and the Caucasus. The objectives and motives behind this are summarized below.    Ending its isolation: The foreign policy of the Israeli regime since 1950 and the Ben-Gurion ...

 
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